Innovation Indicators in United States

Another interesting perspective consists in capturing the entrepreneurial and innovative dynamics of a country. It provides a medium-term perspective about the future of the country in terms of competitiveness and attractiveness.

Research and Development

  • Research and development expenditure (% of GDP) : Expenditures for research and development are current and capital expenditures (both public and private) on creative work undertaken systematically to increase knowledge, including knowledge of humanity, culture, and society, and the use of knowledge for new applications. R&D covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development.
    Sources: World Bank and Mondo International Data

- High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) : High-technology exports are products with high R&D intensity, such as in aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, scientific instruments, and electrical machinery.
Sources : World Bank and Mondo International Data

- ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) : Information and communication technology goods exports include telecommunications, audio and video, computer and related equipment
Sources : World Bank and Mondo International Data

- ICT service exports (% of service exports, BoP) : Information and communication technology service exports include computer and communications services (telecommunications and postal and courier services) and information services (computer data and news-related service transactions).
Sources : World Bank and Mondo International Data


Scientific Publications

  • Scientific and technical journal articles : Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.